School and the Platonic Ideal
Published in Boarding Concern: The newsletter of the Association of Boarding School Survivors, p. 7, Winter 2004.
[US readers please note that in Britain, the term "public school" is applied in the opposite way to what makes sense and to how it is applied in the U.S. A British public school is an elite private school, and many have traditionally served as places to which the relatively rich send their children away for education ... and for, as the title of Nick Duffell's book puts it, "the making of them". See my discussion of this vis-a-vis landlordism at http://www.alastairmcintosh.com/articles/1995_echoes.htm ]
Alastair McIntosh is a remarkable man born on the remote Scottish island of Lewis, a scholar-philosopher and eco-activist, author of a highly recommended book, Soil and Soul (Aurum Press 2001), and a former director of the Centre for Human Ecology in Edinburgh. Although not a BSS [Boarding School Survivor], he is a great supporter of our work who describes The Making of Them as "the most important book I have ever read on the inner anatomy of establishment power in Britain".
He sees the in the BS system the refinement of the pro-rational, anti-life and elitist philosophy that is responsible for the alienation within our society and for the disrespect we bear for the planet.
Below he shares a brief meditation on the philosophical underpinnings of the separation of children from their parents in the cause of elitism - Nick Duffell.
Republic has been the most influential of all political works from
classical antiquity. What, then, were the eugenic and pedagogical principles
that his Socrates recommended for the "philosopher king" aristocracy
system of rigged lots would ensure that the "best" bred together and
bred frequently. In addition, just deserts for a male war hero were to be that,
"as long as the campaign lasts, no one whom he wishes to kiss may say him
nay, in order that if any soldier be in love, whether with male or female, he
may be more eager to carry off the prize of valour (468 Stephanus, trans.
"the race of the guardians is to be pure," officers appointed to
manage eugenics would place "the children of good parents … into the
rearing pen, handing them over to nurses who will live apart in a particular
portion of the city; but the children of inferior parents and all defective
children that are born to the others [shall be] put out of sight in secrecy and
mystery, as is befitting" (460). These same officers would "also
superintend the rearing of the children, bringing the mothers to the nursery
when their breasts are full, and taking every precaution to prevent any woman
knowing her own child, and providing wet-nurses if the mothers are not enough
… [ensuring that] the mothers do
not give too much time to suckling the children" (460, cf. 541).
and female guardians alike were to be educated as "both warrior and
philosopher" (525). As such, the curriculum was to comprise gymnastic,
harmony, the crafts, and of particular importance, such sciences required for
generalship as arithmetic, geometry and the navigational skills of astronomy.
Guardian infants were to become battle-hardened and versed in equestrian skills
from a tender age. "Do you remember," says the Platonic Socrates,
"that we declared that even in battles the children must be taken on
horseback to look on, and must be taken near the fighting line if safety
allowed, and have their taste of blood like puppies?" (537, c.f. 467).
pedagogy was strongly influenced by that of ancient Sparta. How much of this
knocked on via The Republic to the British ruling classes? Well might we
Internet Users Please Note: The material on this page is original text as submitted to the publication stated beneath the title. As the editing process means that some parts may have been cut, altered or corrected after it left my hands, or I might have made minor subsequent amendments, or scanned material may contain scanning errors, please specify in citation “internet version from www.AlastairMcIntosh.com” as well as citing the place of first publication. Note that author particulars, including contact address(es) and organisational affiliations may have changed since first publication.
This material is © Alastair
McIntosh and any co-authors and/or first publishers. However (and without
prejudice to any legal rights of co-authors or the original or subsequent
publishers), I give my permission for it to be freely copied for non-commercial
educational purposes provided that due acknowledgement is given. Please advise
of any uses that might particularly interest me. For commercial enquires, please
contact original publishers and/or email me, mail@AlastairMcIntosh.com.
Thanks, folks, and enjoy, enjoy, enjoy!
To RETURN to any sub-index
from which you approached this page, click BACK on your web browser. To return
to my homepage, click “Home” above.
16 Dec 04